In June 2012, Patrick Hop poured his life savings — $30,000 — into Tesla Motors Inc. stock, then trading at about $32 per share. When the stock hit $115 this July, he dumped all his shares and invested in options on Tesla stock, which are high-risk bets on the stock’s future performance.
Now Hop, a 22-year-old senior from Millbrae, Calif., studying applied math at the University of California-Berkeley, estimates he’s made about $250,000 — at least on paper.
“I have a high risk tolerance, but I don’t think the stock is that risky,” he said.
Hop is far from alone in being bullish on Tesla, which has developed a cultlike following not seen since the early days of Apple. The company’s stock has risen more than 300 percent this year thanks to a string of successes, from a rave review in Consumer Reports to better-than-expected sales of the all-electric Model S sedan and, last week, five-star safety ratings in federal crash tests. The Palo Alto, Calif.-based electric-carmaker, whose stock closed Friday at $161.84 per share, now has a market cap of about $18 billion, and some analysts say shares could double again within the next three to four years as Detroit races to play catch-up.
Along the way, scores of individual investors have placed heavy — and risky, many experts would warn — bets on Tesla’s stock, which is one of the most volatile on the Nasdaq exchange.
Some bought Tesla stock as a way to finance their purchase of the Model S, which has a base price of about $70,000, before a federal subsidy. Many are convinced that Tesla is the next big growth stock, like Apple or Google, and they don’t want to miss out, investing in the company against the advice of family, friends and financial advisers.
The Tesla Motors Club forum, an online bulletin board for Tesla owners and fans, is filled with posts and message threads about the “Teslanaires” — those who have realized $1 million in paper gains through Tesla stock trades.
“There is a bull market in Tesla right now, but don’t confuse a bull market with genius,” said Manny Schiffres, executive editor of Kiplinger’s Personal Finance Magazine. “As long as Tesla keeps going up, people will think they aren’t vulnerable. A year ago Apple peaked at $705; now it’s around $500. You should never put a disproportionate amount of your wealth into one stock.”
Many Tesla investors, like Hop, engage in options trading, which involves pledging to buy or sell stock at a specific price by a specific date. Timing is everything, making options trading a risky bet that can rack up big gains or gut-wrenching losses.
“Options are derivatives,” Schiffres said. “You have to be right on the company, the direction of the stock and the duration, because options expire. It’s very much like being in a casino. Trading options is pretty much like gambling.”
Financial consultants typically advise against heavily investing in one stock, yet it is advice easily ignored by Tesla fans like Rod Stelling, a 69-year-old retired microbiologist who lives in California’s Napa Valley.
Stelling paid $40,000 to reserve a Model S three years before the car was built, got the 64th vehicle off the Fremont, Calif., assembly line, then promptly had it custom-painted chocolate brown. He has “100 percent confidence” in Tesla and says that two rides in the Model S are all it takes to be convinced that CEO Elon Musk and his executive team know what they are doing.
“As soon as I could buy stock, I bought stock,” said Stelling, who got in close to the IPO price, which was $17 in June 2010. “My brother-in-law is still convinced they are going to fold. My money manager thinks I am crazy. He says we should diversify, but I’m not going to do that. I’ve made $250,000 on this. My car is paid for. Of course you haven’t really earned anything until you sell, but I’m holding on. The stock may go over $200 this year.”
Another Tesla bull is Jonathan Jivan, an Iraq War veteran who lives in a suburb of Akron, Ohio. He describes his lifestyle as modest: He works as a videographer at Kent State University and drives a 10-year-old Nissan Altima.
But Jivan purchased $2,500 worth of stock in Tesla Motors in April 2011, when it was trading around $25 a share. In January of this year, when it was trading in the $30 range, he invested an additional $5,000. Now Jivan has seen his original investment balloon to more than $100,000.
“I just had a hunch that electric cars would be the future,” said Jivan, 30, who spends countless hours researching Tesla. “Back in January, I knew Tesla’s stock was going to go up because they were saying they were going to become profitable. When companies become profitable, the stock always explodes. That’s the point where people realized that Tesla actually knows what it’s doing.”
His biggest splurge so far: a new LCD television.
“I’ve made twice my yearly salary in six months,” Jivan said. “My wife doesn’t even know how much money we have.”
Bob Gotchall wanted to buy a Model S but couldn’t justify the cost to his wife. So he figured that if he invested $50,000 in the stock and doubled his money, he could then afford to buy the car.
“I figured if the car was a good buy, the stock was an even better buy,” said Gotchall, 40, of Austin, Texas. As the stock began to rise, Gotchall started adding more and more Tesla options to his portfolio. “I started to have days where my balance would go up by $10,000. I sold and bought, panicked and re-bought and watched a ticker way too much during the day.”
Gotchall recently had to come clean with his wife.
“I said, ‘I don’t want to alarm you, but we have hundreds of thousands of dollars more than we did last week,’ “ he told her in May, after Tesla reported its first quarterly profit in 10 years.
Gotchall, who on some days now is a Teslanaire, said the good days for Tesla are far from over.
“The stock is still totally cheap,” he said. “It’s a growth stock. Buy the stock in a retirement account and just let it go.”